The Best Care for an Infected Dog

Treatment Approach

There is no treatment specifically for Dog Flu, also known as Canine Influenza or CIV. The focus of treatment is to provide supportive care while the infection runs its course.2 Dogs with mild infection may not require any intervention. Use of antitussives is not supported by clinical evidence, and in fact, is contraindicated in dogs with a productive cough.

Dogs confirmed or suspected of infection should stay at home for the protection of other dogs. A veterinarian should be contacted regarding appropriate care and evaluation.

If you are asked to bring your dog to the veterinarian, you may want to call the clinic beforehand and wait in the car for staff. The staff may want to keep the dog isolated and not bring him or her in through the waiting room to avoid contact with other dogs. There is no need for alarm because this is a standard precaution to protect other dogs from contracting the virus.

Once in the clinic, a veterinarian may test to confirm Dog Flu. There is no treatment specifically for Dog Flu, so the focus is supportive care.2 Dogs with mild infection may not require any intervention. Some dogs develop a more serious course and may require hospitalization for administration of intravenous fluids, supplemental feeding, and other supportive measures. Dogs that develop pneumonia may require antibiotics for secondary bacterial infection.8,31

Consult your veterinarian and discuss any questions or concerns you have about treatment. Be sure to keep the dog at home for several weeks until he or she has made a full recovery, and try to avoid exposing other dogs.31

Because there is no treatment for Dog Flu, prevention through canine vaccination is very important. Vaccines against Dog Flu (CIV H3N8 and CIV H3N2) are available through your veterinarian. Nobivac® Canine Flu Bivalent has been shown to control the spread and minimize the impact of Dog Flu.33

Click here to download a PDF with more information about addressing CIV.